When developing new features for the site, it may be necessary to have several incremental PRs to be merged into master. However, within these incremental PRs, it is possible that a release onto production may happen, containing this in-progress work. While one could put a warning of “do not use” for the feature, and hope instructors (or students) do not click on it, potentially breaking the system, it is better to utilize “Feature Flags”. The flags can be used to hide a feature, giving access to developers, as well as setting up a course to alpha or beta test a feature that is not quite ready for full production.

Feature flags are stored and handled within the Config model, and utilizes the following logic to determine if a flag is enabled:

  1. If debugging_enabled in config/database.json is True, then all feature flags are considered on.
  2. If feature_flags object exists in course config.json, then check if requested flag exists in the object and is set to true (e.g. flag: true).

Otherwise, the flag is considered off.

To utilize checking a flag, the following methods are available:

  1. Twig Template
  2. Controller Annotation
  3. PHP Code

Twig Template

Within twig, you can use the function feature_flag_enabled(string $flag): bool. For example, for gating on flag foo:

{% if feature_flag_enabled('foo') %}
  {# show feature foo #}
{% endif %}

Controller Annotation

To gate a controller, or just a method, you can utilize the @FeatureFlag annotation. This annotation is to be put in the docblock of a controller or method and it accepts a single string argument, the name of the flag. An example of usage would be:

use app\libraries\routers\FeatureFlag;
/**
 * @FeatureFlag("foo")
 */
class Bar {}

or for a function:

use app\libraries\routers\FeatureFlag;

class Bar {
  /**
  * @FeatureFlag("foo")
  */
  public function bar() {}

  // this function is available always
  public function baz() {}
}

PHP Code

For the PHP code, the config model makes available the function checkFeatureFlagEnabled(string $flag): bool. For example, if we wanted to gate on feature flag “foo” within a controller, we might do:

if ($this->core->getConfig()->checkFeatureFlagEnabled('foo')) {
    // show feature foo
}